Knee pain and stiffness is a common condition. The knee is subject to direct force each time you take a step and even when standing in place. The knee acts as a hinge for the leg but is much more complex as it twists and rotates as well. The knee relies on bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage to work together for it to properly function.
A major cause of knee pain is when the fluid filled sack in the knee joint, called the Bursa, loses fluid and eventually causes bone to bone contact resulting in pain. Osteoarthritis is another cause of knee pain. People with osteoarthritis are encouraged to utilize non-impact methods of exercise such as cycling or swimming.
Knee pain symptoms can vary. Often times the pain can subside on its own within a few days or weeks. Sometimes the pain can become constant or radiate into other body parts, such as the upper back or feet.
Patients with knee pain may experience:
- Swelling and Stiffness
- Redness and warmth to the touch
- Weakness or Instability
- Popping or crunching noises
- Limited range of motion
- Pain with standing, walking or running
Knee pain can be caused by injuries, arthritis, problems with ligaments, tendons or fluid-filled sacs (bursa) that surround the knee joint. Knee pain can also be linked to problems with the cartilage, ligaments and bones that form the joint itself. Excessive weight, lack of muscle flexibility or strength, sports and previous injuries can also contribute to this painful condition.
Knee pain treatment may include: